History of Armenia

By Susanna Grigoryan, independent tour guide in Armenia



Armenia was a regional empire with a rich culture in the years leading up to the 1st century BC, at one period controlling all the land between the Black and Caspian Seas. It also changed between various dynasties. But after Parthian (Iranian), Roman, Arab, Mongol and Persian occupation, Armenia had substantially weakened. In 1454, the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia divided Armenia among themselves. Persians ruled Eastern Armenia until 1828, when Russia annexed it. Large populations of Armenians in Ankara and Istanbul (Constantinople) did achieve a level of prosperity, and rose to prominence within the Ottoman government. Their prosperity was seen as a danger to the Turkish people, while they were increasingly relied on to prop up a decaying dynasty. On April 24, 1915, Armenian political and intellectual leaders were rounded up and killed. Armenian families were forced into death marches into the Syrian, Mesopotamian and Arabian deserts. Russia took Ottoman Armenia in 1916, reuniting the two lands for the first time since the 15th century. On May 28, 1918, the first Republic of Armenia was established, along with the Republics of Georgia and Azerbaijan.  That independence lasted only for 2 years. In 1920 the republic of Armenia was part of the  Soviet Union. On September 21, 1991, the population overwhelmingly voted in favor of independence in a national referendum, creating the second independent Armenian republic.


About Susanna Grigoryan, independent tour guide in AM.

Hi. Welcome to Armenia.

I am Susanna Grigoryan from Armenia. I do private tours around Armenia. Transport, hotel bookings, individual itineraries, recommendations, restaurant bookings, guiding services are available.

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