Delhi, India

Hindi Language

By Parveen Paul, independent tour guide in India

In India, there are more than a dozen well-developed languages and hundreds of dialects.
In normal circumstances communication could have been a major problem. However, due to India’s connection with colonial England, there are a large number of people here who can speak English.
If combined with appropriate local gestures and accent modified to the region, it is most likely that English will be understood by a large number of Indians.

Still, while traveling in a country it always helps if you know few phrases of main local language.
It not only goes a long way in striking immediate rapport with people but also helps in your understanding of local etiquette.

Below we are giving a list of few common phrases together with their Hindi equivalents….

English Hindi
Good Morning Shubh prabhat
Good night Shubh ratri
Hello / goodbye Namaste
Excuse me Maaf kijiyeh
Please Meharbani se
Yes / no Haan / nahin
Big Bada
Small Chotta
Today Aaj
Day Din
Night Raat
Week Haftah
Month Mahina
Year Saal
Medicine Davai
Ice Baraf
Egg Anda
Fruit Phal
Vegetables Sabzi
Sugar Chini
Butter Makkhan
Rice Chaaval
Water Paani
Tea Chai
Milk Dudh
Do you understand English? Kya aap angrezi samajhte hain?
I do not understand. Meri nahi samajhta.
Where is a hotel? Hotel kahan hain?
How far is (name the place)? (Name the place) kitni door hain?
How do I get to (name the place) ? (Name the place) ko jane ke liyeh
kaiseh jaana parega?
How much? Kitne paise?
This is expensive. Yeh bahut mehanga hai.
Show me the Menu. Mujheh minu dikhaiyeh.
The bill please. Bill de dijiyeh.
What is your name? Appka shubh naam kya hai?
What is the time? Kitneh bajeh hain?
How are you? Aap kaiseh hain?
Very well, thank you. Bahut accha, shukriya.


Hindi Numbers
Whereas Europeans count in tens, hundreds, thousands, millions and billions, the Indian numbering system goes tens, hundreds, thousands, hundred thousands, million and ten millions. A hundred thousand is lakh, and 10 million is a crore. These two words are almost always used in place of their English equivalent. Thus you will see 10 lakh rather than one million, and one crore than 10 million.
Furthermore, the numerals are generally written that way too — thus three hundred thousand appears as 3,00,000 not 300,000 and ten million, five hundred thousand would appear as 1,05,00,000 and not as 10,500,000.



About Parveen Paul, independent tour guide in IN.

Let me welcome you to Incredible India. India has transformed in the last few decades from a struggling young country to a vibrant democracy. Modernity and tradition thrives side by side in a stunning array of diversity. Bounded by the majestic Himalayan ranges in the north and a 6000 kilometre long coastline in the south with many stretches of golden beaches, India is a vivid kaleidoscope of landscapes, magnificent historical sites and royal citadels, misty mountain retreats, verdant forests, i

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